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Late Mesolithic armature variability in the southern North Sea basin: implications for Forager-Linearbandkeramik contact models of the transition to agriculture in Belgium and the southern Netherlands
Robinson, E.; Sergant, J.; Crombé, P. (2013). Late Mesolithic armature variability in the southern North Sea basin: implications for Forager-Linearbandkeramik contact models of the transition to agriculture in Belgium and the southern Netherlands. Eur. J. Archaeol. 16(1): 3-20. dx.doi.org/10.1179/1461957112Y.0000000022
In: European Journal of Archaeology. Maney Publishing: Leeds. ISSN 1461-9571, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 274912 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    armatures; Late Mesolithic; Early Neolithic; forager-farmer contactmodels; northwest Europe

Authors  Top 

Abstract
    Lithic armatures have been widely noted as key evidence for interpreting the role of indigenous Mesolithic traditions in the spread of the Early Neolithic Linearbandkeramik (LBK) culture, and therefore early agriculture, across temperate Europe. Their role as evidence for the continuity of Mesolithic 'identities' has been emphasized without the use of a unified, systematic recording methodology of armatures from both Late-Final Mesolithic (LM-FM) and LBK sites that places armatures in their broader context as part of projectile technologies of late hunter-gatherers and early farmers. In this paper, we present the results of recent research in the southern North Sea basin that utilized a systematic and unified recording methodology to analyse armature assemblages from LM-FM and LBK sites on an inter-regional scale. We report that there is much more inter-regional variability in armature assemblages during the LM than traditionally considered in efforts to interpret similarities and possible cultural transmission processes between Mesolithic and LBK populations. This paper calls for a reassessment of inter-regional LM variability in the construction of Mesolithic-LBK contact models and a focus that places armatures in their broader social and technological contexts.

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