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Bicarbonate transporters in corals point towards a key step in the evolution of cnidarian calcification
Zoccola, D.; Ganot, P.; Bertucci, A.; Caminiti-Segonds, N.; Techer, N.; Voolstra, C.R.; Aranda, M.; Tambutté, E.; Allemand, D.; Casey, J.R.; Tambutté, S. (2015). Bicarbonate transporters in corals point towards a key step in the evolution of cnidarian calcification. NPG Scientific Reports 5(9983): 11 pp.
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Zoccola, D.
  • Ganot, P.
  • Bertucci, A.
  • Caminiti-Segonds, N.
  • Techer, N.
  • Voolstra, C.R.
  • Aranda, M.
  • Tambutté, E.
  • Allemand, D.
  • Casey, J.R.
  • Tambutté, S.

    The bicarbonate ion (HCO3-) is involved in two major physiological processes in corals, biomineralization and photosynthesis, yet no molecular data on bicarbonate transporters are available. Here, we characterized plasma membrane-type HCO3- transporters in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata. Eight solute carrier (SLC) genes were found in the genome: five homologs of mammalian-type SLC4y family members, and three of mammalian-type SLC26 family members. Using relative expression analysis and immunostaining, we analyzed the cellular distribution of these transporters and conducted phylogenetic analyses to determine the extent of conservation among cnidarian model organisms. Our data suggest that the SLC4y isoform is specific to scleractinian corals and responsible for supplying HCO3- to the site of calcification. Taken together, SLC4y appears to be one of the key genes for skeleton building in corals, which bears profound implications for our understanding of coral biomineralization and the evolution of scleractinian corals within cnidarians.

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