|Long-term variability in the diversity of North Sea zooplankton|
Lindley, J.A.; Batten, S.D. (2002). Long-term variability in the diversity of North Sea zooplankton. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 82(1): 34-40
In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press/Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom: Cambridge. ISSN 0025-3154, more
Long-term changes; Variability; Zooplankton; ANE, North Sea [Marine Regions]; Marine
Results from the Continous Plankton Recorder survey were used to study long-term changes in the zooplankton of four regularly sampled areas of the North Sea. The trends in alpha-diversity are described and analysed. Species associated with inflow of oceanic or mixed waters from the Atlantic or shelf to the west and south of Britain have increased in abundance or frequency of occurence. Meroplankton has also increased, but resident holoplankton and those associated with colder oceanic or mixed waters have declined. These changes have resulted in an increase in the species richness in the areas in the north-western North Sea. There was a period of low diversity in the late 1970s and the early 1980s in the most southerly area, furthest from the sources of inflow. The evidence for a long-term trend was stronger then relationships between diversity and either the North Atlantic Oscillation or variation in position of the Gulf Stream in the western Atlantic.