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Classification of non-indigenous species based on their impacts: considerations for application in marine management
Ojaveer, H.; Galil, B.S.; Campbell, M.L.; Carlton, J.T.; Canning-Clode, J.; Cook, E.J.; Davidson, A.D.; Hewitt, C.L.; Jelmert, J.; Marchini, A.; McKenzie, C.H.; Minchin, D.; Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A.; Olenin, S.; Ruiz, G. (2015). Classification of non-indigenous species based on their impacts: considerations for application in marine management. PLoS Biology 13(4): e1002130. hdl.handle.net/10.1371/journal.pbio.1002130
In: PLoS Biology. Public Library of Science: San Francisco, CA. ISSN 1544-9173, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Classification; Environmental impact; Introduced species; Management; Marine environment; Prevention; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Ojaveer, H., more
  • Galil, B.S., more
  • Campbell, M.L.
  • Carlton, J.T.
  • Canning-Clode, J.
  • Cook, E.J.
  • Davidson, A.D.
  • Hewitt, C.L.
  • Jelmert, J.
  • Marchini, A.
  • McKenzie, C.H.
  • Minchin, D.
  • Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A.
  • Olenin, S., more
  • Ruiz, G.

Abstract
    Assessment of the ecological and economic/societal impacts of the introduction of non-indigenous species (NIS) is one of the primary focus areas of bioinvasion science in terrestrial and aquatic environments, and is considered essential to management. A classification system of NIS, based on the magnitude of their environmental impacts, was recently proposed to assist management. Here, we consider the potential application of this classificationscheme to the marine environment, and offer a complementary framework focussing on value sets in order to explicitly address marine management concerns. Since existing data on marine NIS impacts are scarce and successful marine removals are rare, we propose that management of marine NIS adopt a precautionary approach, which not only would emphasise preventing new incursions through pre-border and at-border controls but also should influence the categorisation of impacts. The study of marine invasion impacts requires urgent attention and significant investment, since we lack the luxury of waiting forthe knowledge base to be acquired before the window of opportunity closes for feasible management.

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