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Coastal livelihood vulnerability to marine resource degradation: A review of the Indonesian national coastal and marine policy framework
Ferrol-Schulte, D.; Gorris, P.; Baitoningsih, W.; Adhuri, D.S.; Ferse, S.C.A. (2015). Coastal livelihood vulnerability to marine resource degradation: A review of the Indonesian national coastal and marine policy framework. Mar. Policy 52: 163-171. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.marpol.2014.09.026
In: Marine Policy. Pergamon: Guildford. ISSN 0308-597X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Coastal; Marine resources; Policy; Vulnerability; Indonesia [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    Livelihoods

Authors  Top 
  • Ferrol-Schulte, D.
  • Gorris, P.
  • Baitoningsih, W.
  • Adhuri, D.S.
  • Ferse, S.C.A.

Abstract
    In rapidly developing countries, where large sections of the population are highly dependent on marine resources, coastal livelihoods are vulnerable to sudden shocks and long-term change. National policy can attempt to mitigate this vulnerability within a multi-level framework by addressing the three aspects of vulnerability (exposure, sensitivity, adaptive capacity) through well-documented interventions. This article reviews the Indonesian policy framework for coastal and marine policy interventions that either directly or indirectly address different dimensions of coastal livelihood vulnerability. The findings show that the policy environment for addressing coastal livelihood vulnerability is heavily based on developing adaptive capacity and to a certain extent sensitivity without adequately addressing exposure, the initial cause of vulnerability. In addition, the complexities and inconsistencies within the Indonesian governmental structures, as well as more general issues of funding gaps and poor coordination, mean that policies created at national level rarely filter down to provide the intended benefits to coastal communities. It is recommended that practitioners and policymakers engage in a more cohesive and balanced approach to addressing livelihood vulnerability in coastal management by focusing more on the causes of the disease, exposure, rather than healing just the symptoms.

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