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Controls of primary production in two phytoplankton blooms in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current
Hoppe, C.J.M.; Klaas, C.; Ossebaar, S.; Soppa, M.A.; Cheah, W.; Laglera, L.M.; Santos-Echeandia, J.; Rost, B.; Wolf-Gladrow, D.A.; Bracher, A.; Hoppema, M.; Strass, V. (2017). Controls of primary production in two phytoplankton blooms in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Deep-Sea Res., Part II, Top. Stud. Oceanogr. 139: 63–73.
In: Deep-Sea Research, Part II. Topical Studies in Oceanography. Pergamon: Oxford. ISSN 0967-0645, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Author keywords
    Biological pump; Nutrientbudgets; Primary productivity; Southern Ocean

Authors  Top 
  • Hoppe, C.J.M.
  • Klaas, C.
  • Ossebaar, S., more
  • Soppa, M.A.
  • Cheah, W.
  • Laglera, L.M.
  • Santos-Echeandia, J.
  • Rost, B.
  • Wolf-Gladrow, D.A.
  • Bracher, A.
  • Hoppema, M.
  • Strass, V.

    The Antarctic Circumpolar Current has a high potential for primary production and carbon sequestration through the biological pump. In the current study, two large-scale blooms observed in 2012 during a cruise with R.V. Polarstern were investigated with respect to phytoplankton standing stocks, primary productivity and nutrient budgets. While net primary productivity was similar in both blooms, chlorophyll a –specific photosynthesis was more efficient in the bloom closer to the island of South Georgia (39 °W, 50 °S) compared to the open ocean bloom further east (12 °W, 51 °S). We did not find evidence for light being the driver of bloom dynamics as chlorophyll standing stocks up to 165 mg m-2 developed despite mixed layers as deep as 90 m. Since the two bloom regions differ in their distance to shelf areas, potential sources of iron vary. Nutrient (nitrate, phosphate, silicate) deficits were similar in both areas despite different bloom ages, but their ratios indicated more pronounced iron limitation at 12 °W compared to 39 °W. While primarily the supply of iron and not the availability of light seemed to control onset and duration of the blooms, higher grazing pressure could have exerted a stronger control toward the declining phase of the blooms.

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