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GIS-based cost distance modelling to support strategic maritime search and rescue planning: A feasibility study
Siljander, M.; Venäläinen, E.; Goerlandt, F.; Pellikka, P. (2015). GIS-based cost distance modelling to support strategic maritime search and rescue planning: A feasibility study. Appl. Geogr. 57: 54-70. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.12.013
In: Applied Geography. Elsevier: Sevenoaks. ISSN 0143-6228, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Accessibility; Emergency response; GIS; Marine
Author keywords
    Maritime SAR; Cost distance; Maritime safety

Authors  Top 
  • Siljander, M.
  • Venäläinen, E.
  • Goerlandt, F.
  • Pellikka, P.

Abstract
    Geographic information system (GIS) based methodologies are widely used to various problems. However, its potential for application to strategic maritime search and rescue (SAR) planning remains largely unexplored. To investigate the applicability of GIS-based tools to this problem, this paper presents an approach to evaluate accessibility and response times in a sea area. Such information aids to objectify the response effectiveness of a SAR system, which is important for rational resource allocation. The presented methodology accounts for the main characteristics of maritime response, namely spatial accessibility, capabilities of search and rescue units (SRUs) and prevailing wave conditions, which affect the attainable SRU speeds. An application to the Finnish areas of the Gulf of Finland is shown. Despite the existence of some difficulties with currently available tools (e.g. accurate and user-friendly spatial wave models and challenges with using raster-based methods in topologically complex areas) and limitations in knowledge (e.g. the SRU capabilities in actual operations), the results indicate that the methodology provides good opportunities for enhancing maritime decision making.

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