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Diel and seasonal changes in the structure of a decapod (Crustacea: Decapoda) community of Cymodocea nodosa from southeastern Spain (West Mediterranean Sea)
Garcia-Raso, J.E.; Martín, M.J.; Diaz, V.; Cobos, V.; Manjón-Cabeza, M.E. (2006). Diel and seasonal changes in the structure of a decapod (Crustacea: Decapoda) community of Cymodocea nodosa from southeastern Spain (West Mediterranean Sea), in: Thessalou-Legaki, M. (Ed.) Issues of decapod crustacean biology. Developments in Hydrobiology, 184: pp. 59-68
In: Thessalou-Legaki, M. (Ed.) (2006). Issues of decapod crustacean biology. Developments in Hydrobiology, 184. Springer: Dordrecht. ISBN 978-1-4020-4599-8. 160 pp., more
In: Dumont, H.J. (Ed.) Developments in Hydrobiology. Kluwer Academic/Springer: The Hague; London; Boston; Dordrecht. ISSN 0167-8418, more

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Keywords
Author keywords
    Diel changes; Diversity; Species richness

Authors  Top 
  • Garcia-Raso, J.E.
  • Martín, M.J.
  • Diaz, V.
  • Cobos, V.
  • Manjón-Cabeza, M.E.

Abstract
    The study of a decapod community in a Cymodocea nodosa meadow from Southeastern Spain (Western Mediterranean Sea) showed a stable structure, in which the families Hippolytidae, Processidae, Majidae and Portunidae were the most abundant and the species Hippolyte niezabitowskii dominated. The animal community was more numerous and diverse during the night, showing the existence of nychthemeral movements, which are essentially related to the trophic behaviour and shelter. In this way, many species increased their abundance as a result of an increasing activity and, also, of an influx of other species and specimens from adjacent sandy bottoms, such as Processa spp. (mainly P. modica) Sicyonia carinata, Liocarcinus spp. (mainly juveniles) and several species of hermit crabs, which were rare or absent during the day. All these changes produced modifications in the dominance curves and in the values of all ecological indices (richness, diversity and evenness). Monthly samples were grouped and ordered (MDS) by the factor “day-night”, which showed slight qualitative and quantitative differences (SIMPER, dissimilarity average of the factor day-night = 61.67). On the other hand, no global seasonal differences have been found (one way ANOSIM), but there was a significant level of similarity between winter and spring, while the summer samples were the most different. The differentiation of the summer 1999 can be attributed to a decrease in species abundance and richness, probably due to the dynamics of the decapod populations and the balance with predators (fishes), while that of the summer 2000, to an anomalous event: the massive proliferation of filamentous algae, mainly Ectocarpus s.l., which modified the environmental conditions.

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