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Evolution of the fish heart by sub/neofunctionalization of an elastin gene
Moriyama, Y.; Ito, F.; Yano, T.; Okabe, M.; Kuraku, S.; Keeley, F.W.; Koshiba-Takeuchi, K. (2016). Evolution of the fish heart by sub/neofunctionalization of an elastin gene. Nature Comm. 7(10397): 10 pp.
In: Nature Communications. Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2041-1723, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Authors  Top 
  • Moriyama, Y.
  • Ito, F.
  • Yano, T.
  • Okabe, M.
  • Kuraku, S.
  • Keeley, F.W.
  • Koshiba-Takeuchi, K.

    The evolution of phenotypic traits is a key process in diversification of life. However, the mechanisms underlying the emergence of such evolutionary novelties are largely unknown. Here we address the origin of bulbus arteriosus (BA), an organ of evolutionary novelty seen in the teleost heart outflow tract (OFT), which sophisticates their circulatory system. The BA is a unique organ that is composed of smooth muscle while the OFTs in other vertebrates are composed of cardiac muscle. Here we reveal that the teleost-specific extracellular matrix (ECM) gene, elastin b, was generated by the teleost-specific whole-genome duplication and neofunctionalized to contribute to acquisition of the BA by regulating cell fate determination of cardiac precursor cells into smooth muscle. Furthermore, we show that the mechanotransducer yap is involved in this cell fate determination. Our findings reveal a mechanism of generating evolutionary novelty through alteration of cell fate determination by the ECM.

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