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Challenging the links between seafood and human health in the context of global change
Lloret, J.; Rätz, H.-J.; Lleonart, J.; Demestre, M. (2015). Challenging the links between seafood and human health in the context of global change. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 96(01): 29-42. hdl.handle.net/10.1017/s0025315415001988
In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press/Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom: Cambridge. ISSN 0025-3154, more
Related to:
Thorndyke, M.; McGowan, F.; Fleming, L.; Solo-Gabriele, H. (Ed.) (2016). Oceans and Human Health. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 96(1). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. 216 pp., more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Seafood security and safety, fishing and aquaculture, climate change, sea warming, river runoff, ocean acidification, oceans and human health

Authors  Top 
  • Lloret, J.
  • Rätz, H.-J.
  • Lleonart, J.
  • Demestre, M.

Abstract
    Living marine resources have strong links with human health and well-being that are complex, still not well understood and that are being modified by global change. This review attempts to illustrate how fishing activities, aquaculture and climate change are challenging these connections and the consequent health risks and benefits posed to citizens. Although global change may provide some positive aspects for human health locally, such as new sources of omega-3, overall it will exacerbate existing seafood security and safety concerns. Unsustainable fishing and aquaculture practices, and climate change, particularly sea warming, ocean acidification and changes in riverine runoff, are threatening not only the protein and fish oil/omega-3 supplies available for consumers, but also raising ecological and health concerns associated with the increase of contaminants, microbes and biotoxins. In this context, we propose a number of management measures that could mitigate the negative effects of global change on seafood, and hence on human health and well-being.

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