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A comparative ecological study on the scyphozoans Aurelia aurita, Cyanea capillata and C. lamarckii in the Gullmar Fjord, western Sweden, 1982 to 1986
Gröndahl, F. (1988). A comparative ecological study on the scyphozoans Aurelia aurita, Cyanea capillata and C. lamarckii in the Gullmar Fjord, western Sweden, 1982 to 1986. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 97(4): 541-550. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/bf00391050
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Aurelia aurita (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Cyanea capillata (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Cyanea lamarckii Péron & Lesueur, 1810 [WoRMS]; ANE, Sweden, Gullmarsfjord [Marine Regions]; Marine

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  • Gröndahl, F.

Abstract
    During the years 1982 to 1986, the life cycles and population dynamics of three scyphozoans, Aurelia aurita (L.), Cyanea capillata (L.) and C. lamarckii (Person and Lesueur), were studied in the Gullmar Fjord on the Swedish west coast. The settling of planulae, strobilation of scyphistomae and release of ephyrae were followed on ceramic settling plates in the laboratory and in the field. Weekly to bi-weekly hauls with Bongo nets were used to study the abundance of ephyrae and medusae. The results show great differences in the life cycles and ecology of the three species. A. aurita utilizes the best season for scyphistoma growth (August to September) and strobilates during the highest zooplankton abundance in October. C. capillata strobilates during the spring (March to May), and the abundance of C. capillata medusae is more dependent on immigration from the North Sea than A. aurita. C. lamarckii does not reproduce at all in the Gullmar Fjord and is totally dependent on immigration from the North Sea. The possibility of interspecific competition between A. aurita and C. capillata is discussed. A preliminary experiment showed that scyphistomae of A. aurita eat planula larvae of C. capillata during the autumn.

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