IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research


Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Printer-friendly version

Ocean acidification causes structural deformities in juvenile coral skeletons
Foster, T.; Falter, J.L.; McCulloch, M.T.; Clode, P.L. (2016). Ocean acidification causes structural deformities in juvenile coral skeletons. Science Advances 2(2): e1501130.
In: Science Advances. AAAS: New York. ISSN 2375-2548, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 


Authors  Top 
  • Foster, T.
  • Falter, J.L.
  • McCulloch, M.T.
  • Clode, P.L.

    Rising atmospheric CO2 is causing the oceans to both warm and acidify, which could reduce the calcification rates of corals globally. Successful coral recruitment and high rates of juvenile calcification are critical to the replenishment and ultimate viability of coral reef ecosystems. Although elevated PCO2 (partial pressure of CO2) has been shown to reduce the skeletal weight of coral recruits, the structural changes caused by acidification during initial skeletal deposition are unknown. We show, using high-resolution three-dimensional x-ray microscopy, that ocean acidification (PCO2 ~900 µatm, pH ~7.7) not only causes reduced overall mineral deposition but also a deformed and porous skeletal structure in newly settled coral recruits. In contrast, elevated temperature (+3°C) had little effect on skeletal formation except to partially mitigate the effects of elevated PCO2. The striking structural deformities we observed show that new recruits are at significant risk, being unable to effectively build their skeletons in the PCO2 conditions predicted to occur for open ocean surface waters under a “business-as-usual” emissions scenario [RCP (representative concentration pathway) 8.5] by the year 2100.

All data in IMIS is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors