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Seafloor doming driven by degassing processes unveils sprouting volcanism in coastal areas
Passaro, S.; Tamburrino, S.; Vallefuoco, M.; Tassi, F.; Vaselli, O.; Giannini, L.; Chiodini, G.; Caliro, S.; Sacchi, M.; Rizzo, A.L.; Ventura, G. (2016). Seafloor doming driven by degassing processes unveils sprouting volcanism in coastal areas. NPG Scientific Reports 6(22448): 10 pp. hdl.handle.net/10.1038/srep22448
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Passaro, S.
  • Tamburrino, S.
  • Vallefuoco, M.
  • Tassi, F.
  • Vaselli, O.
  • Giannini, L.
  • Chiodini, G.
  • Caliro, S.
  • Sacchi, M.
  • Rizzo, A.L.
  • Ventura, G.

Abstract
    We report evidences of active seabed doming and gas discharge few kilometers offshore from the Naples harbor (Italy). Pockmarks, mounds, and craters characterize the seabed. These morphologies represent the top of shallow crustal structures including pagodas, faults and folds affecting the present-day seabed. They record upraise, pressurization, and release of He and CO2 from mantle melts and decarbonation reactions of crustal rocks. These gases are likely similar to those that feed the hydrothermal systems of the Ischia, Campi Flegrei and Somma-Vesuvius active volcanoes, suggesting the occurrence of a mantle source variously mixed to crustal fluids beneath the Gulf of Naples. The seafloor swelling and breaching by gas upraising and pressurization processes require overpressures in the order of 2–3?MPa. Seabed doming, faulting, and gas discharge are manifestations of non-volcanic unrests potentially preluding submarine eruptions and/or hydrothermal explosions.

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