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First evidence of European eels exiting the Mediterranean Sea during their spawning migration
Amilhat, E.; Aerestrup, K.; Faliex, E.; Simon, G.; Westerberg, H.; Righton, D. (2016). First evidence of European eels exiting the Mediterranean Sea during their spawning migration. NPG Scientific Reports 6(21817): 8 pp. hdl.handle.net/10.1038/srep21817
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322, more
Related to:
Amilhat, E.; Aarestrup, K.; Faliex, E.; Simon, G.; Westerberg, H.; Righton, D. (2016). Corrigendum: First evidence of European eels exiting the Mediterranean Sea during their spawning migration. NPG Scientific Reports 6(26214). hdl.handle.net/10.1038/srep26214, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Migration; Spawning; Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Amilhat, E.
  • Aerestrup, K.
  • Faliex, E.
  • Simon, G.
  • Westerberg, H.
  • Righton, D.

Abstract
    The migration route and the spawning site of the European eel Anguilla anguilla are still uncertain. It has been suggested that the Mediterranean eel stock does not contribute to spawning because there is no evidence of eels leaving the Mediterranean Sea. To test this hypothesis, we equipped eight female silver eels from the south of France with pop-up satellite tags during escapement from coastal waters. Once in deeper water, the eels quickly established diel vertical migration (DVM) between the upper and lower mesopelagic zone. Five tagged eels were taken by predators within the Mediterranean, but two eels reached the Atlantic Ocean after six months and at distances greater than 2000?km from release. These eels ceased their DVM while they negotiated the Gibraltar Strait, and remained in deep water until they reached the Atlantic Ocean, when they recommenced DVM. Our results are the first to show that eels from Mediterranean can cross the Strait of Gibraltar and continue their migration into the Atlantic Ocean. This finding suggests that Mediterranean countries, as for other EU states, have an important role to play in contributing to conservation efforts for the recovery of the European eel stock.

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