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Predatory fish sounds can alter crab foraging behaviour and influence bivalve abundance
Hughes, A.R.; Mann, D.A.; Kimbro, D.L. (2014). Predatory fish sounds can alter crab foraging behaviour and influence bivalve abundance. Proc. - Royal Soc., Biol. Sci. 281(1788): 20140715.
In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. The Royal Society: London. ISSN 0962-8452, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

    Bioacoustics; Predation; Marine
Author keywords
    Non-consumptive effect; Trophic cascade

Authors  Top 
  • Hughes, A.R.
  • Mann, D.A.
  • Kimbro, D.L.

    The risk of predation can have large effects on ecological communities via changes in prey behaviour, morphology and reproduction. Although prey can use a variety of sensory signals to detect predation risk, relatively little is known regarding the effects of predator acoustic cues on prey foraging behaviour. Here we show that an ecologically important marine crab species can detect sound across a range of frequencies, probably in response to particle acceleration. Further, crabs suppress their resource consumption in the presence of experimental acoustic stimuli from multiple predatory fish species, and the sign and strength of this response is similar to that elicited by water-borne chemical cues. When acoustic and chemical cues were combined, consumption differed from expectations based on independent cue effects, suggesting redundancies among cue types. These results highlight that predator acoustic cues may influence prey behaviour across a range of vertebrate and invertebrate taxa, with the potential for cascading effects on resource abundance.

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