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Chironephthya mediterranea n. sp. (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea, Nidaliidae), the first species of the genus discovered in the Mediterranean Sea
López-González, P.J.; Grinyó, J.; Gili, J.-M. (2015). Chironephthya mediterranea n. sp. (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea, Nidaliidae), the first species of the genus discovered in the Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Biodiv. 45(4): 667-688. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s12526-014-0269-5
In: Marine Biodiversity. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 1867-1616, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Biodiversity; Chironephthya Studer, 1887 [WoRMS]; Nidaliidae Gray, 1869 [WoRMS]; MED, Mediterranean [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    Soft corals

Authors  Top 
  • López-González, P.J.
  • Grinyó, J.
  • Gili, J.-M.

Abstract
    In this paper, a new species of the soft coral genus Chironephthya from the northwestern Mediterranean Sea is described and illustrated. Chironephthya mediterranea sp. nov. is formally described based on morphological, chromatic, molecular, and ecological data. A molecular comparison based on mitochondrial genes (mtMutS?+?COI) and the proposed extended barcode (mtMutS?+?Igr1?+?COI) relates the Mediterranean species with other Chironephthya species. The new Mediterranean species is compared with the available information and type materials from its Atlantic congeners, Chironephthya agassizii and Chironephthya caribaea. This is the first time that a species of this genus is reported from the Mediterranean Sea. Along with Nidalia studeri, this is the second species of the family Nidaliidae found in this biogeographic region. Both nidaliid species were collected in the shelf break area. The present report adds to previous knowledge of Chironephtya and its global distribution. Although the molecular analyses carried out do not support the monophyly of the family Nidaliidae, they clearly indicate a close relationship between the genera Siphonogorgia and Chironephthya, which are both in need of revision.

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