|Information in support of monitoring protocols and strategies for selected indicators in the Tarium Niryutait Marine Protected Area (TNMPA)|
Higdon, J.W.; Paulic, J.E. (2013). Information in support of monitoring protocols and strategies for selected indicators in the Tarium Niryutait Marine Protected Area (TNMPA). 2012/113. Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat: Canada. iv, 30 pp.
|Authors|| || Top |
- Higdon, J.W.
- Paulic, J.E.
The Tarium Niryutait Marine Protected Area (TNMPA) includes three sub-areas located at the edge of the Mackenzie River Delta, in the Beaufort Sea Large Ocean Management Area (LOMA). Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) Science sector is required to support the Health of the Oceans Initiative by delivering scientifically defensible indicators, protocols and strategies for monitoring the conservation objective(s) (CO) of MPAs. The CO for the TNMPA is ?to conserve and protect Beluga Whales (Delphinapterus leucas) and other marine species (anadromous fishes, waterfowl and seabirds), their habitats and their supporting ecosystem?. The Central and Arctic regional DFO Science sector has developed a hierarchal framework of 82 indicators for the TNMPA CO. The regional DFO Oceans sector chose five of the 82 indicators and requested Science advice on protocols and strategies for each. The selected indicators relate to ecosystem structure and biodiversity (species lists and surveys), population structure and abundance of Beluga (sighting effort – distribution and abundance), and anthropogenic noise as an ecosystem stressor. This report presents information on other monitoring programs that are relevant to the TNMPA and specific advice on the protocols and strategies for each of the five selected indicators. The level of development of the various protocols varies by indicator. For example, Beluga aerial survey techniques are well established and there is a wealth of internal DFO expertise and extensive baseline information available from past surveys, while there are little baseline data available for anthropogenic noise. Survey protocols will need additional development as indicators are evaluated and protocols are further refined based on the success of the indicator(s), management needs and stakeholder concerns (e.g., selection of focal species for surveys).