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Effects of anthropogenic sound on digging behavior, metabolism, Ca2+/Mg2+ ATPase activity, and metabolism-related gene expression of the bivalve Sinonovacula constricta
Peng, C.; Zhao, X.; Liu, S.; Shi, W.; Han, Y.; Guo, C.; Jiang, J.; Wan, H.; Shen, T.; Liu, G. (2016). Effects of anthropogenic sound on digging behavior, metabolism, Ca2+/Mg2+ ATPase activity, and metabolism-related gene expression of the bivalve Sinonovacula constricta. NPG Scientific Reports 6(24266): 12 pp. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1038/srep24266
In: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group). Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 2045-2322, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Sinonovacula constricta (Lamarck, 1818) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Peng, C.
  • Zhao, X.
  • Liu, S.
  • Shi, W.
  • Han, Y.
  • Guo, C.
  • Jiang, J.
  • Wan, H.
  • Shen, T.
  • Liu, G.

Abstract
    Anthropogenic sound has increased significantly in the past decade. However, only a few studies to date have investigated its effects on marine bivalves, with little known about the underlying physiological and molecular mechanisms. In the present study, the effects of different types, frequencies, and intensities of anthropogenic sounds on the digging behavior of razor clams (Sinonovacula constricta) were investigated. The results showed that variations in sound intensity induced deeper digging. Furthermore, anthropogenic sound exposure led to an alteration in the O:N ratios and the expression of ten metabolism-related genes from the glycolysis, fatty acid biosynthesis, tryptophan metabolism, and Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle (TCA cycle) pathways. Expression of all genes under investigation was induced upon exposure to anthropogenic sound at similar to 80 dB re 1 mu Pa and repressed at similar to 100 dB re 1 mu Pa sound. In addition, the activity of Ca2+/Mg2+-ATPase in the feet tissues, which is directly related to muscular contraction and subsequently to digging behavior, was also found to be affected by anthropogenic sound intensity. The findings suggest that sound may be perceived by bivalves as changes in the water particle motion and lead to the subsequent reactions detected in razor clams.

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