IMIS | Flanders Marine Institute
 

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research

IMIS

Publications | Institutes | Persons | Datasets | Projects | Maps
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Printer-friendly version

Paludisphaera borealis gen. nov., sp. nov., a hydrolytic planctomycete from northern wetlands, and proposal of Isosphaeraceae fam. nov.
Kulichevskaya, I.S.; Ivanova, A.; Suzina, N.E.; Rijpstra, W.I.C.; Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Dedysh, S.N. (2016). Paludisphaera borealis gen. nov., sp. nov., a hydrolytic planctomycete from northern wetlands, and proposal of Isosphaeraceae fam. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 66: 837-844. dx.doi.org/ 10.1099/ijsem.0.000799
In: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. Society for General Microbiology: Reading. ISSN 1466-5026, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Authors  Top 
  • Kulichevskaya, I.S.
  • Ivanova, A.
  • Suzina, N.E.
  • Rijpstra, W.I.C., more
  • Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., more
  • Dedysh, S.N.

Abstract
    Two isolates of aerobic, budding, pink-pigmented bacteria, designated strains PX4T and PT1, were isolated from a boreal Sphagnum peat bog and a forested tundra wetland. Cells of these strains were non-motile spheres that occurred singly or in short chains. Novel isolates were capable of growth at pH values between 3.5 and 6.5 (optimum at pH?5.0–5.5) and at temperatures between 6 and 30?°C (optimum at 15–25?°C). Most sugars and a number of polysaccharides including pectin, xylan, lichenin and Phytagel were used as growth substrates. The major fatty acids were C16?:?0, C18?:?1?9 and C18?:?0; the major polar lipids were phosphocholine and trimethylornithine. The quinone was menaquinone-6, and the G+C content of the DNA was 66?mol%. Strains PX4T and PT1 were members of the order Planctomycetales and displayed 93–94?% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Aquisphaera giovannonii, 91–92?% to species of the genus Singulisphaera and 90–91?% to Isosphaera pallida. The two novel strains, however, differed from members of these genera by cell morphology, substrate utilization pattern and a number of physiological characteristics. Based on these data, the novel isolates should be considered as representing a novel genus and species of planctomycetes, for which the name Paludisphaera borealis gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is PX4T (?=?DSM 28747T?=?VKM B-2904T). We also suggest the establishment of a novel family, Isosphaeraceae fam. nov., to accommodate stalk-free planctomycetes with spherical cells, which can be assembled in short chains, long filaments or shapeless aggregates. This family includes the genera Isosphaera, Aquisphaera, Singulisphaera and Paludisphaera

All data in IMIS is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Authors