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Dimethylsulfoniopropionate in corals and its interrelations with bacterial assemblages in coral surface mucus
Frade, P.R.; Schwaninger, V.; Glasl, B.; Sintes, E.; Hill, R.W.; Simó, R.; Herndl, G. (2016). Dimethylsulfoniopropionate in corals and its interrelations with bacterial assemblages in coral surface mucus. Environ. Chem. 13: 252–265.
In: Environmental Chemistry. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood, Vic.. ISSN 1448-2517, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Frade, P.R.
  • Schwaninger, V.
  • Glasl, B.
  • Sintes, E.
  • Hill, R.W.
  • Simó, R.
  • Herndl, G., more

    Corals produce copious amounts of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), a sulfur compound thought toplay a role in structuring coral-associated bacterial communities. We tested the hypothesis that a linkage exists betweenDMSP availability in coral tissues and the community dynamics of bacteria in coral surface mucus. We determinedDMSP concentrations in three coral species (Meandrina meandrites, Porites astreoides and Siderastrea siderea) at twosampling depths (5 and 25 m) and times of day (dawn and noon) at Curac¸ao, Southern Caribbean. DMSP concentration(4–409 nmol cm?2 coral surface) varied with host species-specific traits such as Symbiodinium cell abundance, but notwith depth or time of sampling. Exposure of corals to air caused a doubling of their DMSPconcentration. The phylogeneticaffiliation of mucus-associated bacteria was examined by clone libraries targeting three main subclades of the bacterialDMSP demethylase gene (dmdA). dmdA gene abundance was determined by quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction(qPCR) against a reference housekeeping gene (recA). Overall, a higher availability of DMSP corresponded to a lowerrelative abundance of the dmdA gene, but this pattern was not uniform across all host species or bacterial dmdA subclades,suggesting the existence of distinct DMSP microbial niches or varying dmdA DMSP affinities. This is the first studyquantifying dmdA gene abundance in corals and linking related changes in the community dynamics of DMSP-degradingbacteria to DMSP availability. Our study suggests that DMSP mediates the regulation of microbes

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