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Inverse vertical migration and feeding in glacier lanternfish (Benthosema glaciale)
Dypvik, E.; Klevjer, T.A.; Kaartvedt, S. (2012). Inverse vertical migration and feeding in glacier lanternfish (Benthosema glaciale). Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 159(2): 443-453. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-011-1822-4
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Dypvik, E.
  • Klevjer, T.A.
  • Kaartvedt, S.

Abstract
    A bottom-mounted upward-facing 38-kHz echo sounder was deployed at ~400 m and cabled to shore in Masfjorden (~60°52'N, ~5°24'E), Norway. The scattering layers seen during autumn (September–October) 2008 were identified by trawling. Glacier lanternfish (Benthosema glaciale) were mainly distributed below ~200 m and displayed three different diel behavioral strategies: normal diel vertical migration (NDVM), inverse DVM (IDVM) and no DVM (NoDVM). The IDVM group was the focus of this study. It consisted of 2-year and older individuals migrating to ~200–270 m during the daytime, while descending back to deeper than ~270 m during the night. Stomach content analysis revealed increased feeding during the daytime on overwintering Calanus sp. We conclude that visually searching glacier lanternfish performing IDVM benefit from the faint daytime light in mid-waters when preying on overwintering Calanus sp.

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