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Phylogeography of the sub-Antarctic notothenioid fish Eleginops maclovinus: evidence of population expansion
Ceballos, S.G.; Lessa, E.P.; Victoria, M.F.; Fernández, D.A. (2012). Phylogeography of the sub-Antarctic notothenioid fish Eleginops maclovinus: evidence of population expansion. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 159(3): 499-505. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-011-1830-4
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Ceballos, S.G.
  • Lessa, E.P.
  • Victoria, M.F.
  • Fernández, D.A.

Abstract
    Phylogeography studies add insights into the geographic and evolutionary processes that underline the genetic divergence of populations. This work examines the geographic genetic structure of the Patagonian blennie, Eleginops maclovinus, a notothenioid (Perciformes) endemic to South American temperate and sub-Antarctic waters, using mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b sequences. We found 58 haplotypes in the analysis of 261 individual sequences of 833 base pairs in length. Among-population variance was very low (1.62%) and many haplotypes were shared between several populations across the species geographic range. Genetic differentiation was not consistent with a simple model of isolation by distance, possibly suggesting a lack of equilibrium between gene flow and local genetic drift. The analysis of mismatch distributions, neutrality tests, and the Bayesian Skyline Plot showed a pattern consistent with a recent population expansion event that may have taken place during the Middle Pleistocene.

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