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Seasonal variation in mineralization rates (C-N-P-Si) of mussel Mytilus edulis biodeposits
Jansen, H.M.; Verdegem, M.C.J.; Strand, Ø.; Smaal, A.C. (2012). Seasonal variation in mineralization rates (C-N-P-Si) of mussel Mytilus edulis biodeposits. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 159(7): 1567-1580. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-012-1944-3
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Jansen, H.M.
  • Verdegem, M.C.J.
  • Strand, Ø.
  • Smaal, A.C., more

Abstract
    To determine seasonal variability in mineralization dynamics of mussel biodeposits, we applied a multiple-element approach measuring mineralization rates of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and silicate (Si) during three periods (March, August and November). The results of this study showed that mineralization rates vary between seasons and between elements and that mineralization dynamics were influenced by both temperature and biodeposit nutrient composition. Mineralization rates were 3.2 ± 0.4 mmol C, 0.17 ± 0.04 mmol N, 0.06 ± 0.02 mmol P and 3.91 ± 3.75 mmol Si per gram biodeposit (DW) per day, which represented 24 % of the particulate organic C and 17 % of the particulate organic N in mussel biodeposits. Seasonal variability was largest for Si mineralization with 60–80-fold higher rates measured in March compared to August and November. This difference is most likely related to the difference in biodeposit nutrient composition. It was furthermore shown that the labile fraction of biodeposits became mineralized after, respectively, 18, 9 and 13 days during the experimental periods in March, August and November. This indicates that temperature enhances biodeposit decomposition with approximately 2–3 times faster turnover at a 10 °C temperature interval (Q 10 ).

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