|Cryptic species within the commercially most important lobster in the tropical Atlantic, the spiny lobster Panulirus argus|Tourinho, J.L.; Solé-Cava, A.M.; Lazoski, C. (2012). Cryptic species within the commercially most important lobster in the tropical Atlantic, the spiny lobster Panulirus argus. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 159(9): 1897-1906. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-012-1977-7
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Tourinho, J.L.
- Solé-Cava, A.M.
- Lazoski, C.
Panulirus argus (Latreille in Ann Mus Hist Nat Paris 3:388–395, 1804) is the lobster of greatest economic importance throughout its distribution. In this study, mitochondrial (Cytochrome Oxidase I and 16S ribosomal genes) and nuclear (Adenine Nucleotide Transporter gene) sequences were used to evaluate the taxonomic status of P. argus sampled from five sites in the Caribbean Sea and nine sites in the Southwest Atlantic. Phylogenetic analyses indicate that lobsters from the two regions form two monophyletic groups with a molecular divergence similar to that observed between distinct congeneric lobster species and much larger than that found between conspecific lobster populations. Therefore, the Caribbean and the Southwest Atlantic lobster populations originally attributed to P. argus belong to different species, with an estimated time of isolation of around 16 Million years. An important consequence of these findings is that the fisheries of spiny lobsters from the Caribbean and the Southwest Atlantic species must be managed separately.