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Castrating effects of trematode larvae on the reproductive success of a highly parasitized population of Crepipatella dilatata (Caenogastropoda) in Argentina
Gilardoni, C.; Ituarte, C.; Cremonte, F. (2012). Castrating effects of trematode larvae on the reproductive success of a highly parasitized population of Crepipatella dilatata (Caenogastropoda) in Argentina. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 159(10): 2259-2267. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-012-2011-9
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Gilardoni, C.
  • Ituarte, C.
  • Cremonte, F.

Abstract
    Crepipatella dilatata (Calyptraeidae) is a common intertidal or shallow subtidal protandric hermaphroditic gastropod. Intertidal snails from Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina (42°46'37?S, 64°54'51? W), showed a high prevalence, up to 46 %, of a castrating larval microphallid trematode. Reproductive success was studied during a 2-year period from September 2007 to August 2009, and the results were compared to those from an unparasitized subtidal sample. Brooding females and males were never found infected. The proportion of brooding females was higher in months with a higher prevalence of infection. The number of brooding females in the intertidal sample was higher than in the subtidal sample. Generalized linear models were utilized to determine the effects of parasitism on the reproductive success of the host population. Anticipated reproduction in smaller females in the intertidal sample, increased reproductive success in months with higher prevalence, and unparasitized males are interpreted as fitness responses to ensure host population survival when the prevalence of trematode infection is high.

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