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Nest and maternal origin can influence morphology and locomotor performance of hatchling green turtles (Chelonia mydas) incubated in field nests
Booth, D.T.; Feeney, R.; Shibata, Y. (2013). Nest and maternal origin can influence morphology and locomotor performance of hatchling green turtles (Chelonia mydas) incubated in field nests. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 160(1): 127-137. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-012-2070-y
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Booth, D.T.
  • Feeney, R.
  • Shibata, Y.

Abstract
    In numerous laboratory experiments involving the incubation of reptile eggs, both the maternal origin of eggs and the incubating environment (nest effect) have been demonstrated to influence hatchling phenotype. Although different hatchling phenotypes have been reported from natural nests, the separate effects of maternal origin and nest on hatchling phenotype in natural nests have not been demonstrated because in natural nests the two effects are confounded with each other. Here, we use a split clutch design to experimentally separate nest effects from maternal origin effects in field nests of green turtles (Chelonia mydas). We found both maternal origin and nest to influence hatchling morphology and locomotor performance in some but not all field nests. By using egg mass (maternal origin effect) and nest temperature (nest effect) in multiple regression analysis, we found maternal origin had a greater influence than nest temperature on the morphological attributes of hatchling mass and carapace size, but nest temperature had a greater influence than maternal origin on the performance attributes of self-righting time, self-righting propensity, swim thrust during the first 30 min of swimming, and power stroke rate during the first 30 min of swimming.

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