|Geographic, population, and seasonal patterns in the reproductive parameters of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus|Ouréns, R.; Fernández, L.; Freire, J. (2011). Geographic, population, and seasonal patterns in the reproductive parameters of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 158(4): 793-804. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-010-1607-1
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
|Authors|| || Top |
- Ouréns, R.
- Fernández, L.
- Freire, J.
Generalized additive models were used to synthesize the data from 52 publications on the gonad growth and spawning seasonality of Paracentrotus lividus and identify spatial and temporal patterns in the reproductive processes. According to our results, Atlantic populations spawn in spring and develop large gonads (6.4 ± 0.2% of fresh body weight (mean ± SE)), which increase in size toward higher latitudes. While in the Mediterranean, the gonads are smaller (3.1 ± 0.1%), possibly as the result of successive spawnings which impede nutrients accumulating in the gonads. Differences were also observed between habitats: gonad production was higher in seagrass meadows in the Mediterranean and in subtidal rocky substrates in the Atlantic. Food availability might cause these variations as well as the negative correlation observed between depth and the gonad index for rocky substrates. Sex and body size do not seem to influence greatly gonad growth.