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Effects of sedimentation on the gorgonian Subergorgia suberosa (Pallas, 1766)
Tseng, L.-C.; Dahms, H.-U.; Hsu, N.-J.; Hwang, J.-S. (2011). Effects of sedimentation on the gorgonian Subergorgia suberosa (Pallas, 1766). Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 158(6): 1301-1310. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-011-1649-z
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Tseng, L.-C.
  • Dahms, H.-U.
  • Hsu, N.-J.
  • Hwang, J.-S.

Abstract
    Effects of oceanic and terrestrial sediment suspensions on the behavioral traits activity, colony expansion, and mucus formation of the gorgonian octocoral Subergorgia suberosa (Pallas, 1766) were studied in the laboratory. Increased sediment concentration significantly changed the logits of activity indices (as colony expansion) and was correlated with decreased activity. For both sources of sediments, the activity index decreased as the concentration of sediment increased. The level of decrease was more significance for terrestrial sediments. The activity index showed no clear time pattern for the control group, but a decrease over time occurred in both sediment treatment groups. Activity change was linearly correlated with exposure time and concentration of terrestrial and ocean sediments. The activity indices of polyps were negatively correlated with the formation of mucus sheets (correlation = -0.536, p = 0.048). For both sources of sediments, the frequency of mucus sheet formation (MSF) increased with sediment concentration. Increases in terrestrial sediment loads resulted in more striking effects. The probability for MSF under different sediment groups at different concentrations over time was modeled by regressions. Frequency of polyp activity is suggested as a suitable biomarker to monitor the effects of sedimentation stress.

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