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Changes in biochemical and fatty acid composition of the razor clam Solen marginatus (Solenidae: Bivalvia) during larval development
da Costa, F.; Nóvoa, S.; Ojea, J.; Martinez-Patino, D. (2011). Changes in biochemical and fatty acid composition of the razor clam Solen marginatus (Solenidae: Bivalvia) during larval development. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 158(8): 1829-1840. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-011-1695-6
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • da Costa, F.
  • Nóvoa, S.
  • Ojea, J.
  • Martinez-Patino, D.

Abstract
    Aquaculture studies have revealed that polyunsaturated fatty acids are critical for maintaining substantial growth, survival and reproductive rates, and high food conversion efficiencies for a wide variety of marine and freshwater organisms. The aim of this study was to investigate the gross biochemical and fatty acid composition of both neutral and polar lipid compartments of the razor clam Solen marginatus throughout embryonic and larval development. High levels of stored reserves in S. marginatus eggs allow a short larval development, lasting only 8 days. The energy required for embryogenesis was obtained from stored proteins. During larval development from D-shaped veliger until settlement, protein, lipid, and carbohydrate reserves were indistinctly stored for metamorphosis. Although total lipids increased, fatty acids in both neutral and polar lipids decreased during embryonic development. The depots allow a short larval development in which settlement is reached with lower amounts of stored neutral and polar lipids than the contents found in the oocytes. Non-methylene-interrupted dienoic fatty acid levels were similar to those of some polyunsaturated fatty acids, with increasing percentages at the onset of metamorphosis. This study indicates that S. marginatus exhibits a different pattern in the use of gross biochemical and fatty acid reserves during larval development compared to other razor clam and bivalve species, mainly due to the large size of its eggs and the short larval development stage reported in this species.

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