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Addressing challenges in studies of behavioral responses of whales to noise
Cato, D.H.; Dunlop, R.A.; Noad, M.J.; McCauley, R.D.; Kniest, E.; Paton, D.; Kavanagh, A.S. (2016). Addressing challenges in studies of behavioral responses of whales to noise, in: Popper, A.N. et al. (Ed.) The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875: pp. 145-152. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_17
In: Popper, A.N.; Hawkins, A. (Ed.) (2016). The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc: New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2980-1. xxx, 1292 pp., more
In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0065-2598, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Seismic; Underwater noise; Whales; Marine
Author keywords
    Behavioral response; Impacts of noise

Authors  Top 
  • Cato, D.H.
  • Dunlop, R.A.
  • Noad, M.J.
  • McCauley, R.D.
  • Kniest, E.
  • Paton, D.
  • Kavanagh, A.S.

Abstract
    Studying the behavioral response of whales to noise presents numerous challenges. In addition to the characteristics of the noise exposure, many factors may affect the response and these must be measured and accounted for in the analysis. An adequate sample size that includes matching controls is crucial if meaningful results are to be obtained. Field work is thus complicated, logistically difficult, and expensive. This paper discusses some of the challenges and how they are being met in a large-scale multiplatform project in which humpback whales are exposed to the noise of seismic air guns.

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