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Stochastic modeling of behavioral response to anthropogenic sounds
Frankel, A.S.; Ellison, W.T.; Vigness-Raposa, K.J.; Giard, J.L.; Southall, B.L. (2016). Stochastic modeling of behavioral response to anthropogenic sounds, in: Popper, A.N. et al. (Ed.) The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875: pp. 321-329. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_38
In: Popper, A.N.; Hawkins, A. (Ed.) (2016). The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc: New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2980-1. xxx, 1292 pp., more
In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0065-2598, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Acoustics; Context; Noise; Propagation
Author keywords
    Behavioral response; Stochastic modeling

Authors  Top 
  • Frankel, A.S.
  • Ellison, W.T.
  • Vigness-Raposa, K.J.
  • Giard, J.L.
  • Southall, B.L.

Abstract
    The effect of anthropogenic sounds on marine wildlife is typically assessed by convolving the spatial, temporal, and spectral properties of a modeled sound field with a representation of animal distribution within the field. Both components benefit from stochastic modeling techniques based on field observations. Recent studies have also highlighted the effect of context on the probability and severity of the animal behavioral response to sound. This paper extends the stochastic approach to three modeling scenarios, including key contextual variables in aversion from a given level of sound and as a means of evaluating the effectiveness of passive acoustic monitoring.

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