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Multiple-pulse sounds and seals: results of a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) telemetry study during wind farm construction
Hastie, G.D.; Russell, D.J.F.; McConnell, B.; Thompson, D.; Janik, V.M. (2016). Multiple-pulse sounds and seals: results of a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) telemetry study during wind farm construction, in: Popper, A.N. et al. (Ed.) The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875: pp. 425-430. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_50
In: Popper, A.N.; Hawkins, A. (Ed.) (2016). The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc: New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2980-1. xxx, 1292 pp., more
In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0065-2598, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Propagation; Marine
Author keywords
    Pinniped; Offshore wind farm; Renewables

Authors  Top 
  • Hastie, G.D.
  • Russell, D.J.F.
  • McConnell, B.
  • Thompson, D.
  • Janik, V.M.

Abstract
    Offshore construction and survey techniques can produce pulsed sounds with a high sound pressure level. In coastal waters, the areas in which they are produced are often also used by seals, potentially resulting in auditory damage or behavioral avoidance. Here, we describe a study on harbor seals during a wind farm installation off southeast England. The study used GPS/global system for mobile communication tags on 23 harbor seals that provided distribution and activity data; the closest range of individual seals to piling varied from 6.65 to 46.1 km. Furthermore, the maximum predicted received levels (RLs) at individual seals varied between 146.9 and 169.4 dB re 1 µPa peak to peak.

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