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Developing sound exposure criteria for fishes
Hawkins, A.D.; Popper, A.N. (2016). Developing sound exposure criteria for fishes, in: Popper, A.N. et al. (Ed.) The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875: pp. 431-439. http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_51
In: Popper, A.N.; Hawkins, A. (Ed.) (2016). The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc: New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2980-1. xxx, 1292 pp., more
In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0065-2598, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Behavior; Impact; Injuries; Pile driving; Sound; Marine
Author keywords
    Sound; Behavior; Impact; Injury; Pile driving

Authors  Top 
  • Hawkins, A.D.
  • Popper, A.N.

Abstract
    In assessing the impact of aquatic developments, it is important to evaluate whether accompanying underwater sounds might have adverse effects on fishes. Risk assessment can then be used to evaluate new and existing technologies for effective prevention, control, or mitigation of impacts. It is necessary to know the levels of sound that may cause potential harm to different species from different sources as well as those levels that are likely to be of no consequence. The development and use of impact criteria are still at an early stage for fishes.

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