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Soundscape and noise exposure monitoring in a marine protected area using shipping data and time-lapse footage
Merchant, N.D.; Pirotta, E.; Barton, T.R.; Thompson, P.M. (2016). Soundscape and noise exposure monitoring in a marine protected area using shipping data and time-lapse footage, in: Popper, A.N. et al. (Ed.) The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875: pp. 705-712. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_85
In: Popper, A.N.; Hawkins, A. (Ed.) (2016). The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc: New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2980-1. xxx, 1292 pp., more
In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0065-2598, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Marine mammals; Renewable energy; Marine
Author keywords
    Ship noise; Automatic identification system data; Acoustic disturbance

Authors  Top 
  • Merchant, N.D.
  • Pirotta, E.
  • Barton, T.R.
  • Thompson, P.M.

Abstract
    We review recent work that developed new techniques for underwater noise assessment that integrate acoustic monitoring with automatic identification system (AIS) shipping data and time-lapse video, meteorological, and tidal data. Two sites were studied within the Moray Firth Special Area of Conservation (SAC) for bottlenose dolphins, where increased shipping traffic is expected from construction of offshore wind farms outside the SAC. Noise exposure varied markedly between the sites, and natural and anthropogenic contributions were characterized using multiple data sources. At one site, AIS-operating vessels accounted for total cumulative sound exposure (0.1–10 kHz), suggesting that noise modeling using the AIS would be feasible

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