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Does masking matter? Shipping noise and fish vocalizations
Neenan, S.T.V.; Piper, R.; White, P.R.; Leighton, T.G.; Shaw, P.J. (2016). Does masking matter? Shipping noise and fish vocalizations, in: Popper, A.N. et al. (Ed.) The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875: pp. 747-753. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_91
In: Popper, A.N.; Hawkins, A. (Ed.) (2016). The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc: New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2980-1. xxx, 1292 pp., more
In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0065-2598, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Communication; Vessels; Marine
Author keywords
    Lombard effect; Anthropogenic

Authors  Top 
  • Neenan, S.T.V.
  • Piper, R.
  • White, P.R.
  • Leighton, T.G.
  • Shaw, P.J.

Abstract
    Shipping creates large near-field background noises at levels similar to or higher than fish vocalizations and in the same critical bandwidths. This noise has the potential to “mask” biologically important signals and prevent fish from hearing them; any interference with the detection and recognition of sounds may impact fish survival. The Lombard effect, whereby vocalizations are altered to reduce or exclude masking effects, is an adaptation that has been observed in mammals and birds. Research is needed to establish whether the Lombard effect occurs in fish to gain a better understanding of the implications of noise pollution on fish populations.

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