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Use of preoperation acoustic modeling combined with real-time sound level monitoring to mitigate behavioral effects of seismic surveys
Racca, R.; Austin, M. (2016). Use of preoperation acoustic modeling combined with real-time sound level monitoring to mitigate behavioral effects of seismic surveys, in: Popper, A.N. et al. (Ed.) The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875: pp. 885-893. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_109
In: Popper, A.N.; Hawkins, A. (Ed.) (2016). The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc: New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2980-1. xxx, 1292 pp., more
In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0065-2598, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Air guns; Marine mammals; Marine
Author keywords
    Impulse noise; Sakhalin Island

Authors  Top 
  • Racca, R.
  • Austin, M.

Abstract
    Underwater acoustic modeling is often used to estimate the injury radius around a seismic exploration source; only occasionally has it been applied to the mitigation of behavioral effects, where the safety boundary may extend to many kilometers. Such a mitigation strategy requires precise estimation of the sound field for many source locations and likely entails field validation over the course of the operation to ensure that mitigation regions are accurate. This article reviews the enactment of such an approach for a seismic survey off Sakhalin Island and examines how similar principles may be applied to other surveys under suitable conditions.

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