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Effects of sound on the behavior of wild, unrestrained fish schools
Roberts, L.; Cheesman, S.; Hawkins, A.D. (2016). Effects of sound on the behavior of wild, unrestrained fish schools, in: Popper, A.N. et al. (Ed.) The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875: pp. 917-924. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_113
In: Popper, A.N.; Hawkins, A. (Ed.) (2016). The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc: New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2980-1. xxx, 1292 pp., more
In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0065-2598, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Behavior; Marine
Author keywords
    Underwater sound; Sonar; Pelagic fish; Mackerel; Playback

Authors  Top 
  • Roberts, L.
  • Cheesman, S.
  • Hawkins, A.D.

Abstract
    To assess and manage the impact of man-made sounds on fish, we need information on how behavior is affected. Here, wild unrestrained pelagic fish schools were observed under quiet conditions using sonar. Fish were exposed to synthetic piling sounds at different levels using custom-built sound projectors, and behavioral changes were examined. In some cases, the depth of schools changed after noise playback; full dispersal of schools was also evident. The methods we developed for examining the behavior of unrestrained fish to sound exposure have proved successful and may allow further testing of the relationship between responsiveness and sound level.

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