|Development of a model to assess masking potential for marine mammals by the use of air guns in Antarctic waters|Wittekind, D.; Tougaard, J.; Stilz, P.; Dähne, M.; Clark, C.W.; Lucke, K.; von Benda-Beckmann, S.; Ainslie, M.A.; Siebert, U. (2016). Development of a model to assess masking potential for marine mammals by the use of air guns in Antarctic waters, in: Popper, A.N. et al. (Ed.) The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875: pp. 1243-1249. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_156
In: Popper, A.N.; Hawkins, A. (Ed.) (2016). The effects of noise on aquatic life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 875. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc: New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2980-1. xxx, 1292 pp., more
In: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer: Berlin. ISSN 0065-2598, more
Mysticetes; Pinnipeds; Propagation modeling
|Authors|| || Top |
- Wittekind, D.
- Tougaard, J.
- Stilz, P.
- Dähne, M.
- Clark, C.W.
- Lucke, K.
- von Benda-Beckmann, S.
- Ainslie, M.A.
- Siebert, U.
We estimated the long-range effects of air gun array noise on marine mammal communication ranges in the Southern Ocean. Air gun impulses are subject to significant distortion during propagation, potentially resulting in a quasi-continuous sound. Propagation modeling to estimate the received waveform was conducted. A leaky integrator was used as a hearing model to assess communication masking in three species due to intermittent/continuous air gun sounds. Air gun noise is most probably changing from impulse to continuous noise between 1,000 and 2,000 km from the source, leading to a reduced communication range for, e.g., blue and fin whales up to 2,000 km from the source.