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Population genetics of Crassostrea ariakensis in Asia inferred from microsatellite markers
Xiao, J.; Cordes, J.F.; Wang, H.; Guo, X.; Reece, K.S. (2010). Population genetics of Crassostrea ariakensis in Asia inferred from microsatellite markers. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 157(8): 1767-1781. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00227-010-1449-x
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Xiao, J.
  • Cordes, J.F.
  • Wang, H.
  • Guo, X.
  • Reece, K.S.

Abstract
    Crassostrea ariakensis is an important aquacultured oyster species in Asia, its native region. During the past decade, consideration was given to introducing C. ariakensis into Chesapeake Bay, in the United States, to help revive the declining native oyster industry and bolster the local ecosystem. Little is known about the ecology and biology of this species in Asia due to confusion with nomenclature and difficulty in accurately identifying the species of wild populations in their natural environment. Even less research has been done on the population genetics of native populations of C. ariakensis in Asia. We examined the magnitude and pattern of genetic differentiation among 10 wild populations of C. ariakensis from its confirmed distribution range using eight polymorphic microsatellite markers. Results showed a small but significant global ?ST (0.018), indicating genetic heterogeneity among populations. Eight genetically distinct populations were further distinguished based on population pairwise ?ST comparisons, including one in Japan, four in China, and three populations along the coast of South Korea. A significant positive association was detected between genetic and geographic distances among populations, suggesting a genetic pattern of isolation by distance. This research represents a novel observation on wild genetic population structuring in a coastal bivalve species along the coast of the northwest Pacific.

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