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Genetic population structure of the blue sea star Linckia laevigata in the Visayas (Philippines)
Alcazar, D.S.R.; Kochzius, M. (2016). Genetic population structure of the blue sea star Linckia laevigata in the Visayas (Philippines). J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 96(3): 707-713. https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315415000971
In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press/Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom: Cambridge. ISSN 0025-3154, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 303451 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Linckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    Coral triangle; Southeast Asia; starfish; phylogeography; conservation

Authors  Top 
  • Alcazar, D.S.R., more
  • Kochzius, M., more

Abstract
    Coral reef associated marine invertebrates, such as the blue sea star Linckia laevigata, have a life history with two phases: sedentary adults and planktonic larvae. On the one hand it is hypothesised that the long pelagic larval duration facilitates large distance dispersal. On the other hand, complex oceanographic and geographic characteristics of the Visayan seascape could cause isolation of populations. The study aims to investigate the genetic diversity, genetic population structure and gene flow in L. laevigata to reveal connectivity among populations in the Visayas. The analysis is based on partial sequences (626 bp in length) of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene (COI) from 124 individuals collected from five localities in the Visayas. A comparative analysis of these populations with populations from the Indo-Malay Archipelago (IMA) published previously is also presented. Genetic diversity was high (h = 0.98, p = 1.6%) and comparable with preceding studies. Analyses of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed a lack of spatial population differentiation among sample sites in the Visayas (FST-value = 0.009; P > 0.05). The lack of genetic population structure indicates high gene flow among populations of L. laevigata in the Visayas. Comparative analysis with data from the previous study indicates high connectivity of the Visayas with the central part of the IMA.

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