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Characterization of phenotype variations of luminescent and non-luminescent variants of Vibrio harveyi wild type and quorum sensing mutants
Nguyen Thi Xuan, H.; Baruah, K.; Vanrompay, D.; Bossier, P. (2016). Characterization of phenotype variations of luminescent and non-luminescent variants of Vibrio harveyi wild type and quorum sensing mutants. J. Fish Dis. 39(3): 317-327. dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfd.12365
In: Journal of Fish Diseases. Blackwell Science: Oxford; London; Edinburgh; Boston; Melbourne. ISSN 0140-7775, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Vibrio harveyi (Johnson & Shunk, 1936) Baumann & Baumann, 1981 [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    luminescent; non-luminescent; phenotype switch; Vibrio harveyi;virulence factor

Authors  Top 
  • Nguyen Thi Xuan, H., more
  • Baruah, K., more
  • Vanrompay, D., more
  • Bossier, P., more

Abstract
    Vibrio harveyi, a luminescent Gram-negative motile marine bacterium, is an important pathogen responsible for causing severe diseases in shrimp, finfish and molluscs leading to severe economic losses. Non-luminescent V. harveyi obtained by culturing luminescent strains under static and dark condition were reported to alter the levels of virulence factors and metalloprotease gene and luxR expression when compared to their luminescent variants. Presently, we conducted an in vitro study aiming at the characterization of virulence-related phenotypic traits of the wild-type V. harveyi BB120 strain and its isogenic quorum sensing mutants before and after switching to the non-luminescent status. We measured the production of caseinase, haemolysin and elastase and examined swimming motility and biofilm formation. Our results showed that switching from the bioluminescent to the non-luminescent state changed the phenotypic physiology or behaviour of V. harveyi resulting in alterations in caseinase and haemolytic activities, swimming motility and biofilm formation. The switching capacity was to a large extent independent from the quorum sensing status, in that quorum sensing mutants were equally capable of making the phenotypic switch.

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