|Modelling alkaline phosphatase activity in microalgae under orthophosphate limitation: the case of Phaeocystis globosa|Ghyoot, C.; Gypens, N.; Flynn, K.; Lancelot, C. (2015). Modelling alkaline phosphatase activity in microalgae under orthophosphate limitation: the case of Phaeocystis globosa. J. Plankton Res. 37(5): 869-885. dx.doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbv062
In: Journal of Plankton Research. Oxford University Press: New York,. ISSN 0142-7873, more
P limitation; alkaline phosphatase activity; modelling; Phaeocystisglobosa
Many phytoplankton exploit phosphorus (P) from organic sources when dissolved inorganic P (DIP) is depleted. This process is, however, rarely considered in ecological and biogeochemical models. We present a mechanistic model describing explicitly the ability of phytoplankton to use dissolved organic P (DOP) when DIP is limiting, by synthesizing alkaline phosphatase (AP) that releases DIP from DOP. This model, applicable to any phytoplankton species expressing AP, is here specifically developed for the colony-forming Phaeocystis globosa. It describes the main processes related to P metabolism, including DIP transport, intracellular accumulation and assimilation. Model behaviour is explored in DIP-limiting batch-type conditions for different DOP ranging between 0 and 1.5 mmol P m-3. Simulations show that the DOP-derived DIP increases the maximum biomass reached and extends the period of net growth. The magnitude of the enhanced biomass production is controlled by the DOP initially present as well as the released DOP, the latter being recycled by lysis of P. globosa cells. We also present a simplified model version derived from the mechanistic model, which involves fewer state variables and parameters. The latter is directly usable in both variable (quota-type) and fixed stoichiometry descriptions of phytoplankton growth.