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The container transport system: Selection criteria and business attractiveness for North-European ports
Nazemzadeh, M.; Vanelslander, T. (2015). The container transport system: Selection criteria and business attractiveness for North-European ports. Maritime Economics & Logistics 17(2): 221-245. dx.doi.org/10.1057/mel.2015.1
In: Maritime Economics & Logistics. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke. ISSN 1479-2931, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    business relocation; analytical hierarchy process (AHP); container portselection; port selection criteria; port attractiveness

Authors  Top 
  • Nazemzadeh, M.
  • Vanelslander, T., more

Abstract
    In the modern global business environment, port policymakers must continuously make an effort to understand what factors influence port users' choice of port. This article identifies which factors affect port selection most strongly. It does so for three ports: Antwerp, Rotterdam and Hamburg - and three types of decision makers: shippers, carriers and freight forwarders. The Analytical Hierarchy Process method is applied to gauge port players' prioritization of decision factors in port selection. Data are collected by means of two sets of questionnaire surveys. The prioritized criteria differ between the three mentioned respondent groups, which is attributed to their respective positions and responsibilities within the supply chain, and the contract of carriage concerned (carrier haulage or merchant haulage). The overall results yield the following ranking of port selection criteria in decreasing order of importance: port costs, geographical location, quality of hinterland connections, productivity and capacity. In respect of general port attractiveness, Antwerp is found to be the most attractive, followed by Rotterdam in second place, and Hamburg in third.

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