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Exact and heuristic methods for placing ships in locks
Verstichel, J.; De Causmaecker, P.; Spieksma, F.; Vanden Berghe, G. (2014). Exact and heuristic methods for placing ships in locks. Eur. J. Oper. Res. 235(2): 387-398. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2013.06.045
In: European Journal of Operational Research. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0377-2217, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Ship placement problem; Packing; Heuristics; Lock scheduling;Decomposition

Authors  Top 
  • Verstichel, J., more
  • De Causmaecker, P., more
  • Spieksma, F., more
  • Vanden Berghe, G., more

Abstract
    The ship placement problem constitutes a daily challenge for planners in tide river harbours. In essence, it entails positioning a set of ships into as few lock chambers as possible while satisfying a number of general and specific placement constraints. These constraints make the ship placement problem different from traditional 2D bin packing. A mathematical formulation for the problem is presented. In addition, a decomposition model is developed which allows for computing optimal solutions in a reasonable time. A multi-order best fit heuristic for the ship placement problem is introduced, and its performance is compared with that of the left-right-left-back heuristic. Experiments on simulated and real-life instances show that the multi-order best fit heuristic beats the other heuristics by a landslide, while maintaining comparable calculation times. Finally, the new heuristic's optimality gap is small, while it clearly outperforms the exact approach with respect to calculation time.

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