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Effect of chemical and thermal treatment on the geotechnical properties of dredged sediment
Dia, M.; Ramaroson, J.; Nzihou, A.; Zentar, R.; Abriak, N.; Depelsenaire, G.; Germeau, A. (2014). Effect of chemical and thermal treatment on the geotechnical properties of dredged sediment. Procedia Engineering 83: 159-169. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.09.034
In: Procedia Engineering. Curran: Red Hook. ISSN 1877-7058, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    marine sediment; phosphoric acids; calcination; geotechnical behavior

Authors  Top 
  • Dia, M.
  • Ramaroson, J.
  • Nzihou, A.
  • Zentar, R.
  • Abriak, N.
  • Depelsenaire, G.
  • Germeau, A.

Abstract
    Dredging of sediments is necessary in order to maintain maritime activities and for flood prevention. However the increased industrial activities are causing accumulation of pollutants in the sediments. The main contaminants are heavy metals and organic compounds. Because of the cost of storage, treatment and valorization can be economically sound. This study focuses on the technology to treat heavy metals from dredged sediments using phosphoric acid (H3PO4) (the Novosol (R) process developed by Solvay company) with a goal to stabilize heavy metals by capturing them in calcium phosphate matrix and to destroy organic matter by calcination at 650 degrees C. Several studies have been conducted in this field. The stabilized materials obtained have been used in civil engineering. However these studies have never assessed the effect of the composition of the phosphoric acid on the treatment. In this paper the effect of two types of phosphoric acids with various composition and origins were compared. The investigation focuses on the effect of the phosphoric acids on the environmental behavior of metals and on the geotechnical properties of the dredged sediment. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).

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