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Evaluation of the volatile composition and sensory properties of five species of microalgae
Van Durme, J.; Goiris, K.; De Winne, A.; De Cooman, L.; Muylaert, K. (2013). Evaluation of the volatile composition and sensory properties of five species of microalgae. J. Agric. Food Chem. 61(46): 10881-10890. dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf403112k
In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. American Chemical Society: Easton, Pa.,. ISSN 0021-8561, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Marine; Fresh water
Author keywords
    microalgae; volatile organic compound analysis; sensory analysis;principal component analysis; partial least-squares regression

Authors  Top 
  • Van Durme, J., more
  • Goiris, K., more
  • De Winne, A.
  • De Cooman, L.
  • Muylaert, K., more

Abstract
    Due to their high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, antioxidants, and proteins, microalgae hold a lot of potential for nutritional applications. When microalgae are integrated into foodstuffs, the aroma is an important aspect to consider. In this study the aroma properties of microalgae were studied by correlating data on the volatile composition with sensory evaluations. Four species of marine microalgae (Botryococcus braunii,, Rhodomonas, Tetraselmis species, and Nannochloropsis oculata) and one fresh water microalga (Chlorella vulgaris) were investigated. Multivariate data processing revealed that microalgal samples having a seafood-like odor character contain high levels of sulfuric compounds (dimethyl disulfide, dimethyl trisulfide, and methional), diketones, a-ionone, and ß-ionone. Fresh green, fruity flavors were linked with typical aldehydes such as 2,4-alkadienals and 2,4,6-alkatrienals. The presence of these compounds in fresh microalga pastes is explained by aroma formation mechanisms such as enzymatic lipid oxidation, enzymatic and chemical degradation of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (generating dimethyl sulfide), phenylalanine (generating benzaldehyde), and carotenoids (generating ionones).

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