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Rapid loss of firn pore space accelerates 21st century Greenland mass loss
van Angelen, J.; Lenaerts, J.; van den Broeke, M.; Fettweis, X.; van Meijgaard, E. (2013). Rapid loss of firn pore space accelerates 21st century Greenland mass loss. Geophys. Res. Lett. 40(10): 2109-2113. dx.doi.org/10.1002/grl.50490
In: Geophysical Research Letters. American Geophysical Union: Washington. ISSN 0094-8276, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Author keywords
    Greenland SMB; 21st century scenario; refreezing capacity

Authors  Top 
  • van Angelen, J.
  • Lenaerts, J.
  • van den Broeke, M.
  • Fettweis, X., more
  • van Meijgaard, E.

Abstract
    Mass loss from the two major ice sheets and their contribution to global sea level rise is accelerating. In Antarctica, mass loss is dominated by increased flow velocities of outlet glaciers, following the thinning or disintegration of coastal ice shelves into which they flow. In contrast, similar to 55% of post-1992 Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) mass loss is accounted for by surface processes, notably increased meltwater runoff. A subtle process in the surface mass balance of the GrIS is the retention and refreezing of meltwater, currently preventing similar to 40% of the meltwater to reach the ocean. Here we force a high-resolution atmosphere/snow model with a mid-range warming scenario (RCP4.5, 1970-2100), to show that rapid loss of firn pore space, by >50% at the end of the 21st century, quickly reduces this refreezing buffer. As a result, GrIS surface mass loss accelerates throughout the 21st century and its contribution to global sea level rise increases to 1.7 0.5mmyr-1, more than four times the current value.

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