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Uplift of shallowly buried pipe sections in saturated very loose sand
Byrne, B.; Schupp, J.; Martin, C.; Maconochie, A.; Oliphant, J.; Cathie, D. (2013). Uplift of shallowly buried pipe sections in saturated very loose sand. Geotechnique 63(5): 382-390.
In: Geotechnique: the international journal of soil mechanics. Institution of Civil Engineers: London. ISSN 0016-8505, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Author keywords
    liquefaction; model tests; offshore engineering; pipelines; sands;soil/structure interaction

Authors  Top 
  • Byrne, B.
  • Schupp, J.
  • Martin, C.
  • Maconochie, A.
  • Oliphant, J.
  • Cathie, D., more

    Offshore pipelines are often buried to protect them from damage, and to provide additional thermal insulation. In sandy soils the pipes are trenched using jet-trenching or ploughing. In both cases the nature of the trenching operation means that the backfill material can be placed over the pipe in an extremely loose state. If the pipe then undergoes a small displacement or vibration, liquefaction of the backfill material may occur, and the resistance to upward movement of the pipe can be reduced. To explore this experimentally, an instrumented model pipe section was pulled vertically upwards at different rates in very loose, saturated, fine, uniform sand (representative of a North Sea sand). The instrumentation allowed for the measurement of the force on the pipe section as well as the excess pore water pressure regime around the pipe. The results show that, for sand at a relative density of zero, there is a reduction of capacity at the faster uplift rates. A simple analytical model, using the vertical slip model (for uplift resistance) modified to account for the development and dissipation of excess pore water pressures around the pipe, is used to predict the results from the experiments. Implications for the design of buried offshore pipelines in sand are discussed.

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