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Gene functionalities and genome structure in Bathycoccus prasinos reflect cellular specializations at the base of the green lineage
Moreau, H.; Verhelst, B.; Couloux, A.; Derelle, E.; Rombauts, S.; Grimsley, N.; Van Bel, M.; Poulain, J.; Katinka, M.; Hohmann-Marriott, M.; Piganeau, G.; Rouzé, P.; Da Silva, C.; Wincker, P.; Van de Peer, Y.; Vandepoele, K. (2012). Gene functionalities and genome structure in Bathycoccus prasinos reflect cellular specializations at the base of the green lineage. Genome Biol. 13(8). dx.doi.org/10.1186/gb-2012-13-8-r74
In: Genome Biology. BioMed Central: London. ISSN 1465-6906, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Moreau, H.
  • Verhelst, B., more
  • Couloux, A.
  • Derelle, E.
  • Rombauts, S., more
  • Grimsley, N.
  • Van Bel, M.
  • Poulain, J.
  • Katinka, M.
  • Hohmann-Marriott, M.
  • Piganeau, G.
  • Rouzé, P., more
  • Da Silva, C.
  • Wincker, P.
  • Van de Peer, Y., more
  • Vandepoele, K., more

Abstract
    BackgroundBathycoccus prasinos is an extremely small cosmopolitan marine green alga whose cells are covered with intricate spider's web patterned scales that develop within the Golgi cisternae before their transport to the cell surface. The objective of this work is to sequence and analyze its genome, and to present a comparative analysis with other known genomes of the green lineage.ResearchIts small genome of 15 Mb consists of 19 chromosomes and lacks transposons. Although 70% of all B. prasinos genes share similarities with other Viridiplantae genes, up to 428 genes were probably acquired by horizontal gene transfer, mainly from other eukaryotes. Two chromosomes, one big and one small, are atypical, an unusual synapomorphic feature within the Mamiellales. Genes on these atypical outlier chromosomes show lower GC content and a significant fraction of putative horizontal gene transfer genes. Whereas the small outlier chromosome lacks colinearity with other Mamiellales and contains many unknown genes without homologs in other species, the big outlier shows a higher intron content, increased expression levels and a unique clustering pattern of housekeeping functionalities. Four gene families are highly expanded in B. prasinos, including sialyltransferases, sialidases, ankyrin repeats and zinc ion-binding genes, and we hypothesize that these genes are associated with the process of scale biogenesis.ConclusionThe minimal genomes of the Mamiellophyceae provide a baseline for evolutionary and functional analyses of metabolic processes in green plants.

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