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Food preferences of larvae of Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticum Boulenger, 1902 from Terre Adelie coastal waters during summer 2004
Vallet, C.; Beans, C.; Koubbi, P.; Courcot, L.; Hecq, J.-H.; Goffart, A. (2011). Food preferences of larvae of Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticum Boulenger, 1902 from Terre Adelie coastal waters during summer 2004. Polar Science 5(2): 239-251. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polar.2010.12.005
In: Polar Science. Elsevier: Oxford. ISSN 1873-9652, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 291299 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Marine
Author keywords
    Antarctica; Feeding strategy; Food selection; Food size; Generalistfeeders

Authors  Top 
  • Vallet, C.
  • Beans, C., more
  • Koubbi, P.
  • Courcot, L.
  • Hecq, J.-H., more
  • Goffart, A., more

Abstract
    Ichthyoplankton samples were collected from 19 to 31 January 2004 in the Dumont d’Urville Sea (East Antarctic shelf). The Nototheniidae Pleuragramma antarcticum comprised more than 90% of the sampled larvae. Gut contents of 95 P antarcticum larvae were examined. Most larvae fed on phytoplankton, especially diatoms, whereas some other specimens had a mixed diet with phyto- and zooplankton prey. A single specimen fed exclusively on copepods. The stomach contents was dominated by three diatoms taxa, such as Thalassiothrix antarctica, Fragilariopsis spp. and Chaetoceros spp. Prey selection was apparently food density dependent, with an inverse relationship between food abundance and selection feeding. Larvae selected positively some diatoms, such as Coscinodiscus spp. and T. antarctica, presenting a low concentration in the water column compared to Fragilariopsis spp., which were strongly negatively selected. During summer, larvae were opportunistic feeders with a broad trophic niche, which allowed them to switch between different food types.

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